Close this search box.

What to do with me when I’m gone

By John Culpepper, Compost for Good

Under certain circumstances, stars explode in spectacular fashion. These are called supernova. It is in these massive explosions where many of the elements found in our bodies are formed. For example, every atom of oxygen in our lungs, of carbon in our muscles, of calcium in our bones, or iron in our blood was created inside of a star before Earth was born. In a very real sense, we are children of the stars, recycling the matter that has been around for billions of years.

When I no longer need them, I would like for the elements in my body to be recycled in a way that nourishes and heals our earth. 

I’m 66 years old and like many people my age, I’m beginning to think about end-of-life options. Traditional burial and cremation may be the first to come to mind but did you know that New York State has legalized the composting of human remains? It’s the sixth state in the US to do so. 

Natural Organic Reduction (NOR), as it’s come to be known, is a process that involves breaking down human remains into nutrient-rich compost, which can, for example, be returned to the bereaved family or contributed to a conservation area, ultimately helping to regenerate the earth. 

The environmental implications between the traditional end-of-life options (e.g. ground burial, entombment, and cremation), and “green options” (e.g. NOR, natural burial, aquamation), are stark. While traditional end-of-life options may be emotionally comforting, and part of many cultures, cremation and modern burial have real environmental concerns. Greener options range from environmentally neutral to environmentally positive. (Why do I use the phrase modern burial? Because compared to more natural/biological methods, embalming and current burial practices are very new to humanity.)

When done well, composting a loved one (or any pet, mammal, or any living thing for that matter) creates life-giving, beneficial soil microbes and stable organic matter, which actually draws carbon out of the atmosphere, reducing the potential for negative global climate change. Will it make a difference if one person, or 1,000 people choose this option? Not really. But what about millions of people? 

Based on my calculations, if just 1% of New York Staters choose NOR for their end-of-life option, then on average, each year there would be approximately 10,000 large dump truck loads of high value compost created that could benefit conservation land, farms, golf courses, lawns, etc. Farms? Really? Yes, all NOR processes legalized to date require that the compost meet all US EPA standards for Class A compost, with no restrictions on use. On the other hand, if 100% of New Yorkers chose NOR, then the equivalent of approximately one million large dump truck loads of compost would be created. 

Would we run out of room for all of that compost? Not by a long shot. Soils all around the world have been disturbed by tillage, compaction, fertilizers, and other compounds that are harmful to soil biology. In fact, I would argue that we should encourage all organic materials to be treated as a resource and kept out of landfills.

How do I know all this? For the past 50 years, I’ve been a composter, as well as a compost advocate and educator. I am a co-founder of Compost for Good, helping individuals, organizations, and municipalities in the US and elsewhere recycle all kinds of organic material. I also wrote one of the first articles in NYS on NOR and the benefits of this practice.

If you are interested to know more about Natural Organic Reduction (NOR), there is a lot of information online. To learn about the actual process of choosing NOR for end-of-life arrangements, I suggest you check out Recompose, which is a full-service funeral home specializing in human composting to utilize the principles of nature to return bodies to the land, sequestering carbon and improving the health of our natural surroundings.”

While it is likely to take those in NYS some time to establish regulations relevant to NOR, I love the idea that one day my family will walk through conservation land enriched by my elements, as well as those of my fellow travelers, our bodies sustaining life in the surrounding trees, flowers, and shrubs.

More content to discover

Road Salt Q & A

Guest Author Mikala  L’Hote, Graduate Research Assistant with the Adirondack Watershed Institute, shares answers to some of the commonly asked questions about road salt: What is road salt? Also known as “rock salt,” the most common variation of road salt used is sodium chloride (NaCl), which is essentially common table

Read More »

Compost for Good is Reimaging Waste with North Country Towns and Businesses

Each year, Americans discard 120 billion pounds of food scraps. That’s 325 pounds per person, or about 40% of the total waste stream. Packed into landfills, these food scraps generate greenhouse gasses as they slowly decompose. The same food scraps, when processed through a composting facility, regenerate as materials that

Read More »

Regional Food Justice Summit Seeks to Give Everyone a Seat at the Table

The 6th annual Food Justice Summit for the Adirondacks will take place on Thursday February 29th at the Wild Center in Tupper Lake, NY. Individuals from all twelve counties of the Adirondack Park will gather at this event to discuss pressing topics related to equitable food systems. Its purpose is

Read More »